Location of Symptoms

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Understanding Your Spine
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Common Conditions
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Common Conditions

What’s Causing My Pain?

Your comfort and well-being are important to us. Helping our patients find relief is what motivates us to stay on the cutting edge of the field. Since every spinal condition has a unique set of causes, triggers, and symptoms, the information given on this website can only act as a guide to get you started on your path to health.

The conditions that can affect your back are limitless. Sometimes you may be experiencing back pain because of a combination of factors and conditions. This is important to remember as you continue reading on this site. A diagnosis can only be made by a physician. Our clinic uses a comprehensive approach to assess and diagnose your condition with methods that may include tests such as x-rays and MRIs.



Cervicalgia is neck pain that does not radiate outward to the upper extremities or shoulders. Its symptoms can be chronic or acute and can include neck stiffness, aching, tenderness, pain upon movement and headaches. It can be treated with application… Read More

Degenerative Disc Disease

Lower Back, Neck, Upper Back

A normal, healthy disc cartilage primarily consists of water and protein, giving the disc a “white” appearance. With aging, however, much of the water in the cartilage is lost, causing the disc to become dehydrated or desiccated and giving it… Read More


Lower Back, Neck, Upper Back

Discitis is an inflammation of the disc space of usually the thoracic or lumbar spine found in adults but more commonly seen in children. It is a very painful condition and can be aggravated by moving the spine; hence, the… Read More

Herniated Disc (Bulging Disc)

Leg / Arm, Lower Back, Neck, Upper Back

Sometimes referred to as slipped, ruptured or bulging disc, a herniated disc occurs when the jelly-like center, or nucleus, of your vertebrae pushes against the outer ring of the vertebrae causing back pain, numbness, or weakness in one or both… Read More

Joints Osteoarthritis

Leg / Arm

Joint osteoarthritis results from excessive wear and tear on the normally slippery cartilage in joints over time. Without the protective cartilage, pain, stiffness and swelling ensue in the affected joints. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and has… Read More


Lower Back, Upper Back

Kyphosis is the abnormal curvature of the spine causing a rounded, or hunchback appearance. A curve of more than 50 degrees is considered to be abnormal. Symptoms can include the rounded back, back pain, stiffness and tenderness, and fatigue. Nerve… Read More

Low Back Pain

Lower Back

Low back pain has multiple causes, many of which are discussed in detail in other sections of this website. It is primarily musculoskeletal (Tendinitis, bursitis, trigger points) in nature and can be acute or short term or chronic, lasting three… Read More


Leg / Arm, Neck, Upper Back

Myelopathy is compression of the spinal cord by a herniated disc or spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal cord), resulting in pinching of the spinal cord in the cervical or thoracic spinal regions. This can cause weakness, numbness, pain (radiculopathy),… Read More

Neurogenic Claudication

Leg / Arm, Lower Back

Neurogenic or spinal claudication is the impairment in walking caused by the narrowing of the nerve root canal (or spinal stenosis). Neurogenic claudication causes pain, cramping, discomfort, or weakness in the legs during walking. Symptoms are alleviated at rest or… Read More

Post Laminectomy Syndrome

Leg / Arm, Lower Back, Neck, Upper Back

Post Laminectomy Syndrome or Failed Back Surgery Syndrome is a condition in which pain continues after spinal surgery, in the form of a fusion, laminectomy or discectomy. Symptoms include the same pain as before the surgery, dull aches and pains… Read More


Leg / Arm, Neck

Also referred to as a pinched nerve, radiculopathy is a compressed nerve in the spine. It is most commonly found in the cervical spine (neck area) or in the lumbar spine (lower back), although it can also be found in… Read More

Sacroiliac Joint (SI Joint) Anatomy

General Articles, Lower Back

The sacroiliac joint (SI joint) is located in the pelvis; it links the iliac bones (pelvis) to the sacrum (lowest part of the spine above the tailbone). It is an essential component for shock absorption to prevent impact forces from… Read More

Sacroiliac Joint Disease

Lower Back

The sacroiliac joints connect the sacrum (the triangular bone at the bottom of the spine) and the pelvis. The sacroiliac joints are gliding joints and are surrounded by strong ligaments; they do not move much. Their main purpose is to… Read More


Lower Back, Upper Back

Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine often beginning in childhood. Symptoms of scoliosis include one shoulder or shoulder blade protruding more than the other, unevenness of the rib cage, waist, hips or legs. Scoliosis can have developmental, degenerative… Read More

Spinal Fracture

Lower Back, Neck, Upper Back

A spinal fracture is a very serious injury and can have multiple causes. It can be a sudden, traumatically-induced fracture such as from a high-energy impact of an auto accident or fall, gunshot wound or sports-related injury. It can also… Read More

Spinal Stenosis

Leg / Arm, Lower Back, Neck, Upper Back

Spinal stenosis occurs when one or more areas of the spine narrow and put pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerves. This compression can cause pain, numbness, or weakness in the extremities. Spinal stenosis can be caused by arthritis,… Read More

Spinal Tumor

Lower Back, Neck, Upper Back

A spinal tumor is a growth of cells located in or around the spinal cord at any level. The tumor can be cancerous or noncancerous and can cause pain in the affected level as well as neurological problems including numbness… Read More


Leg / Arm, Lower Back

Spondylolisthesis occurs when one of the bones in your spine slips forward. It may occur anywhere in the spine but most commonly occurs in the lower back. The two most common types of spondylolisthesis are degenerative spondylolisthesis and lytic spondylolisthesis.


Lower Back

Spondylolysis occurs when one of the vertebrae (usually the fifth lumbar vertebra) fractures. This fracture at the pars interarticularis (rear portion of the vertebra) is a very common cause of low back, occurring in adolescents and athletes due to hyperextension… Read More

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