Low back pain has multiple causes, many of which are discussed in detail in other sections of this website. It is primarily musculoskeletal (Tendinitis, bursitis, trigger points) in nature and can be acute or short term or chronic, lasting three months or more. In the US, back pain has been found to be the most common cause of absenteeism at work and is the main condition that creates job-related disability. Symptoms can range from minor twinges of pain to inability to walk.
See also: Laser Therapy Treatment
Musculoskeletal pain affects the muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments and nerves and can be characterized by tenderness, stiffness, localized or widespread pains and aches, as well as muscle burning and fatigue. Among its causes are injury, repetitive motion and poor posture. It is diagnosed by a thorough history taken by a physician and imaging studies. Treatments for musculoskeletal pain include anti-inflammatory medications, immobilization, orthotics, activity modification and cognitive behavioral therapy, as well as injectional treatments such as trigger point and bursa injections.